Wisdom teeth usually come when you are in your late teens or mid-twenties. However, many people never get any during their lifetime. There is nothing unusual about it. The real problem starts when they become impacted as this results in infection and inflammation of gum tissue surrounding the teeth.
Sometimes your wisdom teeth may erupt partially or laterally and become impacted or struck. This may cause pain, swollen gums, jaw stiffness, facial swelling and the general feeling of being unwell. The inflammation of your gum and the bone surrounding it may affect the teeth near your wisdom teeth. If the food is trapped between your wisdom teeth and normal teeth surrounding it, it may cause serious decay or damage to your normal teeth.
In some cases, there may be the formation of a cyst (a sac of fluid) around your impacted wisdom tooth and it can cause damage to your surrounding teeth, gums, or bones. Your dentist may prescribe antibiotics to fight the infection but in severe cases, wisdom tooth removal is the permanent solution.
Why Extract Your Wisdom Tooth?
In many cases, there is a shortage of space in the back of the jaws for wisdom teeth to erupt thoroughly. If your wisdom tooth does not find enough space to come through, it will make your tooth wedged or impacted.
The wisdom teeth generally develop between the age of 18 to 25 years. The local dentist may take the x-rays of your wisdom teeth to spot its growth. If they do not erupt in the proper way, may result in following issues harming your gum or mouth:
- If they develop in the wrong angle, they may press the other surrounding teeth causing damage to them also.
- They may get trapped in your gum or jawbones if not developed in a healthy way. This may cause severe pain resulting in immediate removal for relief.
- If your jaw does not have enough space to support the growth of an additional set of molars.
- If you are suffering from any type of gum disease or teeth cavities around your wisdom teeth.
You should make it a point to visit a reliable and experienced dentist, who has expertise in all aspects of dentistry including wisdom tooth removal. The welcoming and friendly environment of the dental clinic you visit should be successful in calming your anxious nerves. The state-of-the-art technology and equipment help in the painless extraction of your teeth preventing serious complications.
Wisdom Tooth Removal Procedure
In this era of modern technology, most of the successful dentists utilise the-state-of-the-art technology and equipment for painless wisdom tooth removal. X-ray is one of the most common ways of diagnosing the condition of your wisdom teeth. It helps in determining the complications of your wisdom teeth and whether removal is required or not.
If your professional finds that the improper eruption or growth of your wisdom teeth is damaging the structure of your teeth, gum or creating infection and pain, he or she gives the required treatment for safe, easy and comfortable removal of your wisdom teeth.
Your oral surgeon will discuss the condition of your oral health explaining the process of wisdom teeth removal. You need to tell your medical history including the detail of medicine you are taking for any other diseases. You are also required to tell if you are prone to heavy bleeding or anaesthesia related any known problems.
Usually, the operation for a complicated issue is done under local anaesthetic. This help in blocking the pain from your gums and teeth completely making you awake while the operation procedure is going on. General anaesthesia is the preferred option for those who feel anxious during the treatment process. This makes you sleep while undergoing the surgery of your complicated wisdom teeth.
Generally, your dental surgeon recommends you not to eat or drink anything between 6 to 12 hours before surgery in case of general anaesthesia whereas, in case of local anaesthesia, you are prescribed to take light meals and fluids one hour before the surgery starts.
After Surgery Care & Maintenance
After the removal of the wisdom tooth, the dentists put sutures on your gum for quick healing. A follow-up appointment with your dentist at least once a week after the extraction is necessary for the proper maintenance of your oral health.
Your dentist will do a thorough check-up and may advise in case of any risks, side effects or complications associated with wisdom teeth removal. If you have any concern you can ask your dentist or staff also.